A survey of the archaeology of Italy from the Iron Age (ninth century BC) up to the end of the Western Roman Empire (fifth century AD). Particular emphasis will be placed on the processes of urbanization, state formation, and imperial expansion and collapse. Additionally, special attention will be given to the contributions of non-Roman cultures to the aforementioned processes, focusing specifically on the Etruscan civilization. The course will offer an overview of Italy's exceptionally rich archaeological record, which includes highlights such as Etruscan tombs, Roman monumental architecture, and early Christian architecture. The archaeological and historical evidence will be combined to reconstruct the long-term development of culture, society, economy, and religion within the geographical context of the Italian peninsula.
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